What can you do when you don't know a word?
Use Picture Clues
*Look at the picture.
*Are there people, objects, or actions in the picture that might make sense in the sentence?
Stretch out the Word
*Say each letter-sound out loud, starting with the first sound.
*Blend the sounds together and try to say the word. Does the word make sense in the sentence?
Look for Chunks in the Word
*Look for familiar letter chunks. They may be sound/symbols, prefixes, suffixes, endings, whole words, or base words.
*Read each chunk by itself. Then blend the chunks together and sound out the word. Does it make sense in the sentence?
Connect to a Word You Know
*Think of a word that looks like the unfamiliar word.
*Compare the familiar word to the unfamiliar word. Is the familiar word a chunk or form of the unfamiliar word?
*Use the known word in the sentence to see if it makes sense. If so, the meanings of the two words are close enough for understanding.
Reread the Sentence
*Read the sentence again.
*Think about what word might make sense in the sentence. Try the word and see if it makes sense.
*Read past the unfamiliar word and look for clues.
*If the word is repeated, compare the second sentence to the first one. What word might make sense in both?
Use Prior Knowledge
*Think about what you know about the subject of the book, paragraph, or sentence.
*Do you know anything that might make sense in the sentence?