Reading and Writing Strategies


     Reading Strategies

    -         STRATEGIES- are plans or ways of doing things-in the case of developing readers and writers, they are ways of figuring out unknown words or thinking about the text.


    -         Some Meaning based strategies that your child can try when stuck:

    o   Using picture clues to think about what makes sense

    o   Re-read to think about what makes sense

    o   Pausing to think about what makes sense

    o   Reading ahead to think about what makes sense

    -         Some Visual Information strategies that your child might try when stuck:

    o   Using the beginning letter sound to get themselves started

    o   Looking for a known part inside the word (eg. Yesterday)

    o   Thinking of another work that looks like the tricky one (shook®look;land®and)

    o   Try to break the word into chunks (af/ter, un/der, to/day)


    -         Remember that while we have a lot of strategies to use, not every strategy will work for every word!  Sometimes your child may need to try more than one strategy on a particular word!


    -         When you are reading with your child have a conversation with them about what they are reading. If they get stuck, these prompts may help remind them of what they can try:

    o   “What can you do to figure that out?

    o   “Does that make sense?”

    o   “What do you notice about that [word,letter,picture, etc]?

    o   “What do you think it could be?”


    -         Don’t let the silence of wait time make you anxious!  Sometimes kids need time to figure things out.


    -         If your child is really stuck, it is OK to tell them a word so that they can keep moving! We want to preserve the meaning of what they’re reading and above all, for it to be FUN!


    Writing Strategies:


    Kids have access to a huge number of words in writing through what they know in reading. However, sometimes, they don’t think about them “in the moment” while they write. If they come to a word they’re not sure of how to spell, ask them to “try it three ways” on a scrap piece of paper. By writing the different ways a word could be spelled (plae, plai, play), they will often recognize the correct spelling because they’ve seen it so often.


    -         Celebrate and Encourage attempts at new, interensting, and difficult words!


    -         Ways to make practicing new words fun for younger writers:

    o   Salt trays- put sand/salt on a cookie sheet, have your child practice spelling words by writing with their finger in the salt

    o   Shaving cream- same as above, but with a blob of shaving cream on a table (it will clean the table as well!)

    o   Rainbow writing- write a spelling word on a piece of paper, have your child trace it with different colored crayons

    o   Sandpaper tracing- similar to writing in the salt tray