Living - Things made of cells that carry on life functions.
Organism – It is a living thing.
Dead - Things made of cells that no longer carry on life functions.
Nonliving - Things not made of cells, just atoms.
Cells - They are the basic units of living things. They provide structure (shape) and help the organism carry on life functions to sustain life.
Cell Wall - Gives the cell shape & protects what’s inside.
Cell Membrane - Controls what goes in or out of a cell.
Cytoplasm - The liquid that fills the cell.
Nucleus - Stores chromosomes and controls the cell.
Chromosome - Stores genetic information.
Mitochondria - Does cell respiration to change food into energy.
Ribosome - Makes cell parts (proteins).
Vacuole - Stores food water or waste products.
Lysosome - Makes digestive fluids to digest foods.
Multi-cellular - these are living things with more than one cell. Animals, plants & fungi are always examples.
Tissue - Groups of cells that help perform the same function. Bone or muscle tissue are examples.
Organ - Several tissues working together to perform a function. Femur and heart are examples.
Organ System - Several organs working to perform a function. Skeletal and circulatory systems are examples.
Life Functions – Processes that all living things do.
Growth – The life processes that cause an organism to increase in size.
Development – The process of orderly change in living things that is sometimes called a life cycle.
Metamorphosis - Life stages of an animal such as an insect or frog.
Reproduction – Asexual or sexual processes that create new cells or organisms.
Dynamic Equilibrium or Homeostasis - The condition & processes to maintain an internal chemical balance.
Releasing Energy for Use – The process where organisms take in food (or the nutrients to make their own in photosynthesis) and then do cell respiration to meet their energy needs.
Respond to Change – Organisms go through physical or behavioral changes as the environment changes (stimuli).
Evolution – The processes that cause species to change over many generations as the environment changes.
Field of View – The circle of light as seen through a microscope or telescope.