• Living - Things made of cells that carry on life functions.


    Organism – It is a living thing.


    Dead - Things made of cells that no longer carry on life functions.


    Nonliving - Things not made of cells, just atoms.


    Cells - They are the basic units of living things.  They provide structure (shape) and help the organism carry on life functions to sustain life.


    Cell Wall - Gives the cell shape & protects what’s inside.


    Cell Membrane - Controls what goes in or out of a cell.


    Cytoplasm - The liquid that fills the cell.


    Nucleus - Stores chromosomes and controls the cell.


    Chromosome - Stores genetic information.


    Mitochondria - Does cell respiration to change food into energy.


    Ribosome - Makes cell parts (proteins).


    Vacuole - Stores food water or waste products.


    Lysosome - Makes digestive fluids to digest foods.


    Multi-cellular - these are living things with more than one cell.  Animals, plants & fungi are always examples.


    Tissue - Groups of cells that help perform the same function. Bone or muscle tissue are examples.


    Organ - Several tissues working together to perform a function.  Femur and heart are examples.


    Organ System - Several organs working to perform a function.  Skeletal and circulatory systems are examples.


    Life Functions – Processes that all living things do.


    Growth – The life processes that cause an organism to increase in size.


    Development – The process of orderly change in living things that is sometimes called a life cycle.


    Metamorphosis - Life stages of an animal such as an insect or frog.


    Reproduction – Asexual or sexual processes that create new cells or organisms.


    Dynamic Equilibrium or Homeostasis - The condition & processes to maintain an internal chemical balance.


    Releasing Energy for Use – The process where organisms take in food (or the nutrients to make their own in photosynthesis) and then do cell respiration to meet their energy needs.


     Respond to Change – Organisms go through physical or behavioral changes as the environment changes (stimuli).


    Evolution – The processes that cause species to change over many generations as the environment changes.


    Field of View – The circle of light as seen through a microscope or telescope.