Human Body - Anatomy and Physiology

  • Topic:

    In this unit we will study cells, tissues, organs and some of the major body system of the body.  All parts of the human body work together to maintain our balanced state of life. 

    Vocabulary:

    General Terms:

    cell

    cellular respiration

    dynamic equilibrium

    organ

    system

    tissue

    Circulatory System:

    aorta

    arteries

    atrium

    blood

    capillaries

    circulation

    clot

    heart

    hemoglobin

    plasma

    platelets

    pulmonary artery

    pulmonary vein

    pulse

    pus

    red blood cell

    scab

    valve

    veins

    ventricle

    white blood cell

    Digestive System:

    calorie

    carbohydrate

    chemical digestion

    digestion

    enzymes

    esophagus

    fats

    gall bladder

    hydrochloric acid (HCl)

    large intestine

    liver

    mechanical digestion

    minerals

    molecules

    mouth

    pancreas

    peristalsis

    proteins

    salivary glands

    small intestine

    stomach

    teeth

    villi

    vitamins

    water (H2O)

     

     

    Endocrine System:

    adrenaline

    glands

    hormones

    Excretory System:

    excretion

    kidneys

    pores

    sweat

    ureter

    urethra

    urinary bladder

    urine

     

    Immune System:

    antibody

    infection

     

    Integumentary System:

    hair

    nails

    skin

    Lymphatic System:

    lymph

    lymph node

     

    Muscular System:

    cardiac muscle

    contract

    involuntary muscle

    locomotion

    muscle

    relax

    skeletal muscle

    smooth muscle

    tendon

    voluntary muscle

     

     

    Nervous System:

    brain

    motor neuron

    neuron (nerve)

    reflex

    response

    sensory neuron

    spinal cord

    stimulus

     

    Reproductive System:

    egg

    internal fertilization

    ovaries

    reproduction

    sperm

    testes

    Respiratory System:

    alveoli

    exhale

    oxygen (O2)

    bronchial tubes

    carbon dioxide (CO2)

    diaphragm

    inhale

    lungs

    respiration

    trachea

     

     

    Skeletal System:

    ball and socket joint

    cartilage

    fixed joint

    hinge joint

    joint

    ligament

    pivot joint

    skeleton

     

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