3:1 Service Model for Speech/Language Therapy


    In September 2016, the Ballston Spa Central School District implemented a new collaborative service delivery model for speech-language therapy. The model, known as a 3 to 1 model, provides students with three weeks of direct service and one week of collaborative services. The 3:1 model is promoted by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). Research indicates that this model provides more consistent services to students and increases collaboration time with teachers and parents.  There are more opportunities to integrate curriculum and plan interdisciplinary lessons and units.


    The 3:1 model provides a higher quality of service to students and teaching staff as it allows for direct small group intervention and the generalization of speech-language skills in the classroom and across school settings. The implementation of this model benefits students and teachers by improving effectiveness in the following ways:


    -            Observations of your child’s speech-language skills within the classroom setting

    -            Collaboration with your child’s teacher and other related service providers, to ensure speech-language intervention are connected with the core curriculum

    -            Small group intervention directly related to classroom standards, grade-level expectations, and academic achievement

    -            Promotes multidisciplinary collaboration, Response to Intervention (RtI), co-teaching and differentiated instruction


    Speech-language therapy will be provided for three weeks each month and the fourth week may include a combination of consultation (with teachers, aides, other therapists and parents), push-in language groups, observation, assessment and planning.


    The Ballston Spa Central School District is excited to implement this research-based program. If you have questions, please contact your child's therapist.